Islamic Succession Law

More than any other area of Islamic law having modern application the rules of inheritance and succession are stipulated in detail by the Qur’an itself. The following suggests the detail of the fractional system that developed and has remained unchanged since the seventh century CE.

Chapter Four

Verse 7: determinate share goes to male or female children from parents and near kindred

Verse 10: to the children

  1. to male: equivalent to share given to two females; if there are more females than two, then 2/3rds; if there is only one, then half
  2. to his parents a sixth share to each if he left children; if no children and his parents are his hears this his mother received a third and if he has brothers then his mother a sixth after the payment of any legacy he may have bequeathed or debt
  3. half of what wife leaves goes to man (husband I guess) if no child
  4. if have a child then a fourth of that which they leave after any legacy or debt
  5. to them belongs fourth of what leave if no child
  6. an eight if have a child after any legacy or debt
  7. if man or woman leave neither parent nor child and s/he have a brother or sister then ‘to each of them twain the sixth’ I guess that means each of them; and if they are more than two then they share the third after legacy or debt

Other provisions regarding inheritance

Jamal J. Nasir, The Islamic Law of Personal Status, second edition (Graham and Trotman, 1990), 220